Semantics

Download Comparative Semitic Linguistics: A Manual by Patrick R. Bennett PDF

By Patrick R. Bennett

Because the identify shows, this designated source is a handbook on comparative linguistics, with the examples taken solely from Semitic languages. it's an leading edge quantity that recollects the sooner culture of textbooks of comparative philology, which, in spite of the fact that, solely taken care of Indo-European languages. it's fitted to scholars with not less than a 12 months of a Semitic language.

through a ways the biggest part of the booklet are the 9 wordlists that supply the knowledge to be manipulated by means of the coed. Says reviewer Peter Daniels, the wordlists "constitute a special source for all of comparative linguistics--a enormous volume of uniform information from a bunch of similar languages. they might be worthwhile for any type in comparative linguistics, not only for these particularly in Semitic."

Scattered through the textual content are 25 routines in line with the wordlists that supply a superb advent to the equipment of comparativists. additionally integrated are paradigms of the phonological structures of ten Semitic languages in addition to Coptic and a sort of Berber. A bibliography that courses the coed into extra studying in Semitic linguistics completes the amount.

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Extra resources for Comparative Semitic Linguistics: A Manual

Sample text

In morphology, however, Arabic is somewhat nearer to the northern languages, which may explain why most recent groupings are of the second type. It is not only in the placement of Arabic that phonological, morphological, and lexical criteria point in different directions. Either subgrouping is vulnerable at many points. Even if one of them re˘ects the historical facts, the separation of the branches took place at an early period, and the seven groups have interacted and affected one another for millennia.

148. 149. 150. narrow near neck new night nose not old one other person to play to pull to push to rain red right (correct) right (hand) river road root rope rotten (log) rub salt sand to say scratch (itch) sea (ocean) to see seed to sew sharp (knife) short to sing to sit skin (of person) sky to sleep small to smell (perceive) smoke smooth snake snow some to spit to split to squeeze to stab (or stick) 151. 152. 153. 154. 155. 156. 157. 158. 159. 160. 161. 162. 163. 164. 165. 166. 167. 168. 169.

Point for multiple skewing. No point is given when the items compared are not 36 Part 4: Lexicostatistics: Some Alternatives Table 16. Lexicostatistical Investigation of Number Words in Four Semitic Languages SIMPLE PAIR-REFERENCED Ak Ak SIMPLE NORMREFERENCED WEIGHTED PAIR-REFERENCED WEIGHTED NORMREFERENCED Ak Retentions from Proto-Semitic Sy Ge So Retentions from Proto-Semitic 4 3 4 4 4 4 5 67% 3 4 40% 53% 4 53% 53% Sy 80% Ge 60% 80% So 80% 80% 60% Sy Ge So 3-3! 2 2-3@ 4 2-3@ 3-3@ 1-3! 3 2@/3 2-3@ 27% seen as related.

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