By Alexios Alecou
This publication analyzes the occasions that impacted the constitution and aggressive procedures of the 2 dominant Cypriot political factions whereas lower than the watchful eye of British rule. in response to new archival learn, Alecou addresses the social and political setting within which the Cypriot Communists and Nationalists fought one another whereas while needed to struggle the British Empire. the diversities among communists and nationalists introduced the 2 facets to a frontal collision within the wake of the occasions of the Greek civil struggle. the category clash inside Cypriot society could at some point soon unavoidably lead, in a single means or one other, to a conflict among the 2 factions. The civil conflict in Greece constituted one other box of clash among Left and correct, accelerating the formation of a bipolar get together method during which the vertical department of the Greek neighborhood in Cyprus finally expressed itself.
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Extra resources for Communism and Nationalism in Postwar Cyprus, 1945-1955: Politics and Ideologies Under British Rule
TNA, “Charles Woolley, Governor of Cyprus, to Oliver Stanley, Minister of Colonies” (TNA, CO 67/327/10, 1944). ” See Grigoriadis, History of SEK, 187. AKEL’s pursuance, in 1945, to publicly celebrate for the first time the anniversary of 25 March, caused the first bloody clash, leaving three members of the Left dead in Lefkoniko, and served as a stimulus for the entire bourgeoisie and the Church. For more on the events of Lefkoniko, see Papadimitris, Historical Encyclopaedia, 259. , Consul of Greece to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs” (DIAYE, Folder 126/6, 1st Subfolder (1946), 1945).
Violent clashes during the elections led to numerous injuries, particularly in the cities, and left two dead in the capital. The right won the 1949 municipal elections, at least in the countryside, with “nationalist” parties prevailing in all rural municipalities: Lefkoniko, Karavas, Lapithos, Lefkara, Acanthou, Kythrea and Polis Chrysochous. In Morphou, the left managed to win with its candidate, Nikolopoulos, while retaining the municipalities of Lemesos, Ammochostos and Larnaca. The right won the municipalities of Nicosia, Paphos and Kyrenia and managed to reverse its 1946 losses.
It also won victories in other cities, with the exception of Kyrenia and Paphos. 40 EAS, founded at AKEL’s Fifth Convention on 13–15 September 1947,41 constituted a continuation of PES and the principal means by which AKEL would later promote its desire for Self-Government-Enosis. In view of the Consultative (or Constitutional) Assembly, which had been announced on 9 July 1947, AKEL was in need of a wider front through which it could participate in the debate over the constitutional proposals. ”42 In a divisive and polarizing atmosphere, the British convened the Consultative Assembly to work on a constitution for Cyprus.