By Ge Gao, Stella Ting-Toomey
Using the `self-OTHER' viewpoint as a conceptual starting place, the authors painting and interpret a few of the certain conversation practices in chinese language tradition. They study how self-conception, function and hierarchy, relational dynamics and face impact methods of engaging in daily speak in chinese language tradition. They clarify why miscommunication among chinese language and North american citizens happens and recommend how one can enhance verbal exchange. through incorporating cases of daily speak, the authors provide a pragmatic and transparent representation of the categorical features and features of chinese language conversation, in addition to tricky parts of Chinese//North American encounters.
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Extra info for Communicating Effectively with the Chinese (Communicating Effectively in Multicultural Contexts)
In particular, the ﬁrst row presents the referential results of manual CSF segmentation compared to the input image (series: ground truth). This is followed by the results of image segmentation applied to the original low-dose CT images (series: low ). Finally, the last row presents results of CSF segmentation from the enhanced images (series: enhanced ). For image segmentation, the min-cut/max-ﬂow approach was applied, as described in our previous work . The corresponding results of the numerical assessment of image segmentation accuracy are given in Table 1.
A= P = tp tp + f p (6) R= tp tp + f n (7) tp + tn tp + tn + f p + f n (8) PR (9) P +R where tp is a number of true positives, tn is a number of true negatives, f p is a number of false positives and f n is a number of false negatives. For a perfect segmentation, all these measures should be equal 1. Low precision P indicates over-segmentation, low recall R means under-segmentation and a signiﬁcant object data loss. F-Score is an indicator of total segmentation quality. Visual results of image segmentation applied to the original (low-dose) and the enhanced CT images are presented in Figure 5.
MRI or PET). However, computed tomography requires the highest radiation doses over other procedures. Additionally, the collective dose is still rising due to wide availability and increasing resolution of multislice CT scanners. As a result, the radioactive exposure that some patients are receiving is recently so high, that causes deﬁnitive risks to health. One of the steps to minimize this risk is using low-dose protocols for CT imaging. e. As Low As Reasonably Achievable) is applied. Low-dose CT imaging is now becoming a standard in diagnosis in children which often undergo multiple follow-up scanning at short time intervals.