Egypt

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By A. J. Spencer

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J d t' Q oJ tt-Jh, passim. , 8. , 27. r, H.. Prlrnt'1frlIbt'r ~m TQ tr,. ,rm~1 df:J N rr 'J<'rt't. r s rr. Ibid.. 19. 40 Dashur. The gro up of Twelfth Dynasty mastabas which lie to the North of th e pyr amid of Sesostris ID seem to have used brick vaults for th e roofing o f the passages to th e burial chambers. :rid fiat across the apex . 196 Riqqeh. Bricks were u sed at Riqqeh mainly for retaining the sides o f shafts or descents to the to mbs, the chambers themselves being eithe r sto ne-built or cui int o the roc k.

93ff. iII. R. , DaM, 7ft. D 2. 29 Naja td-IJ~r. 111. 242 an d PI. 28. Fig. J6 R eqaqnah R. 66. Fig. } 7 Naga ed-Der N. 645. ,O/",o,o,~,";:} N. 760. 13 5 111is is a small mastaba standing ove r a bric k-lined pit . ro ofed with it corbel-vaul t. The lin ing consists o f five coc:ys str etchers on one side and six on th e othe r, so the vaulti ng sta rts at a different level on th e opposit e sides. Th e corbel five cou rses high . covered with mud, and has m ud-mortare d joints . On the top of the vault rested th e gravel filling oi mastaba.

Im itating the po t-burials which are com mo n at this period. There are also some graves which use a tru e vault ove r the buri al inst ead of corbelling . \: 645, 134 TIle maslaba superstruc ture has outer walls bu ilt on a foundation layer of b ricks on edge. to even up the level o f the ground. TIle pi t is hn ed wit h ni ne courses of st retchers. which inter bon d at the angles. Resti ng on these linin g walls was a corbel-vault of eleven courses. bu ilt alm ost en tirely o f head ers. and cow-red over with mud.

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