By Paul Collier, V. L Elliott, Havard Hegre, Anke Hoeffler, Marta Reynal-Querol, Nicholas Sambanis
Civil wars allure less cognizance than overseas wars yet they're turning into more and more universal and usually cross on for years. the place improvement succeeds, nations develop into steadily more secure from violent clash, making next improvement more uncomplicated. the place improvement fails international locations can develop into trapped in a vicious circle: struggle wrecks the economic system and raises the chance of additional struggle. This new global financial institution coverage study document demanding situations the idea that civil wars are inevitable and proposes an schedule for worldwide motion.
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Additional info for Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy (World Bank Policy Research Reports)
The health system 28 C I V I L WA R A S D E V E L O P M E N T I N R E V E R S E is less likely to detect the diseases associated with HIV/AIDS infection or to screen blood supplies. War also destroys the education system, which makes teaching about prevention more difficult. Finally, in most war or postconflict situations women do not have a choice regarding breastfeeding their babies, thereby increasing the risk of infecting the next generation (Machel 2000). Psychological Damage of Civil War.
3 Angola “THE MATERNAL AND INFANT MORTALITY RATES are the worst in Africa, estimated in 1998 at 1,854/ 100,000 and 166/1,000 live births, respectively. The estimated national contraceptive prevalence rate is very low (3 percent), and only 19 percent of women have assisted deliveries. IDP women are known to be at higher risk of dying from pregnancy related causes due to lack of access to health services and life in stressful conditions. A survey conducted by UNFPA and the implementing agencies in 1999 with 710 men and women in IDP camps and peri- urban areas of Matala, Chibia, Lubango, Lobito, Baia Farta and Benguela indicated that there is: (1) very poor attendance of pregnant women; (2) a lack of knowledge about child spacing and sexuality issues, among men and women; (3) little use of family planning methods; (4) little knowledge about STDs/AIDS; and, (5) an overall expectation of large family size.
10–11). “The HIV/AIDS epidemic is perhaps the gravest health threat faced by Eritrea. The recent border conflict with Ethiopia (1998–2002) and the recur- rent drought have resulted in large-scale population movements that included internal displacement, influx of deportees from Ethiopia and returnees from Sudan. Mobilisation of young men and women to the military has also contributed by creating a social and economic environment that is conducive for the spread of HIV/AIDS. Intertwined with this is violence against women, including rape and other physical trauma that can be experienced during conflict and displacement” (UN 2002, p.