Stochastic Modeling

Download Bounded and Compact Integral Operators by David E. Edmunds, V.M Kokilashvili, Alexander Meskhi PDF

By David E. Edmunds, V.M Kokilashvili, Alexander Meskhi

The monograph provides a few of the authors' fresh and unique effects touching on boundedness and compactness difficulties in Banach functionality areas either for classical operators and fundamental transforms outlined, usually talking, on nonhomogeneous areas. Itfocuses onintegral operators obviously coming up in boundary price difficulties for PDE, the spectral concept of differential operators, continuum and quantum mechanics, stochastic tactics and so on. The booklet might be regarded as a scientific and certain research of a big type of particular imperative operators from the boundedness and compactness viewpoint. A attribute characteristic of the monograph is that almost all of the statements proved the following have the shape of standards. those standards let us, for instance, togive var­ ious particular examples of pairs of weighted Banach functionality areas governing boundedness/compactness of a large category of fundamental operators. The publication has major elements. the 1st half, which include Chapters 1-5, covers theinvestigation ofclassical operators: Hardy-type transforms, fractional integrals, potentials and maximal features. Our major target is to provide an entire description of these Banach functionality areas during which the above-mentioned operators act boundedly (com­ pactly). whilst a given operator isn't bounded (compact), for instance in a few Lebesgue area, we glance for weighted areas the place boundedness (compact­ ness) holds. We boost the tips and the recommendations for the derivation of acceptable stipulations, when it comes to weights, that are akin to bounded­ ness (compactness).

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Additional info for Bounded and Compact Integral Operators

Example text

Positive) functions and let Xl = (XI ,/-l,w) (resp. X2 = (X2,dx,v)) be a weighted Banach function space with elements defined on X (on (0, a)). For any /-l-measurable j put H j(t) = UI (t) J {y : rp(y) 1, and positive constants k l and k2 such that for the sequences of /1,- (resp.

IIT*II ~ B. 8. Let 1 < max{r, s} :::; min{p, q} < 00. Assume that I-t{x : 'IjJ(x) = O} = O. Then the operator Ti is bounded/rom L~(X) into ~q(X) ifand only if u B 1 = sup Ilu2X{y:rp(y»t} Ilu' sl(x) t>o lI I X { y:1/J(y)<- t } IILpq(x) v w Moreover, < 00. IITili ~ B 1. We conclude this section by introducing the notion of a Holder's inequality. This provides a general framework within which many of our results can be established. 1. A space of homogeneous type (SHT) (X, d, 1-£) is a topological space X with a complete measure I-t such that: (a) the space of continuous functions with compact supports is everywhere dense in L1(X); (b) there exists a nonnegative real function (quasi-metric) d : X x X -t R which satisfies the following conditions : (i) d(x, x) = 0 for all x E X ; (ii) d(x, y) > 0 for all x i= y, x, Y E X; (iii) there exists a positive constant ao such that d(x , y) :::; aod(y, x) for every x, y E X; (iv) there exists a constant al such that d(x, y) :::; al (d(x, z) + d(z, y)) for every x, y, z EX; (v) for every neighbourhood V of the point x E X there exists r > 0 such that the ball B(x, r) = {y EX : d(x, y) < r} is contained in V ; (vi) the ball B(x, r) is measurable for every x E X and for arbitrary r > 0; (vii) there exists a constant b > 0 such that I-£B(x, 2r) :::; bl-£(B(x, r)) < 00 for every x E X and r, 0 < r < 00 .

Now let p = 1. Let us take a positive e and let E be a set of positive p, measure such that E C Bix«, t) and w(x) ::; e + ess inf w(x) x EB(xo ,t) onE. Letf(x) =XE(X) and lett < d(xo , x) < 7. Then p,(E) P1)f(x) 2: p,B( XO ,7 )TJ and by the boundedness of the operator P 1) we obtain Finally, we have A 1 ,1) < 00. 10. Let (X , D , p,) be an SHT, 1 ::; p ::; q < 00, "1 < 0 and p,(X) = 00. Then for the boundness of the operator QTJfrom ~(X) to L~OO(X) it is necessary and sufficient that B1) == ! ~~~ (p,B(xo, t))-TJ ( 1 v(x)dp, ) Ii x { t

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