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By Professor Dexter B Gordon

Exploring the position of rhetoric in African American identification and political discourse

Dexter B. Gordon’s Black identification: Rhetoric, Ideology, and Nineteenth-Century Black Nationalism explores the matter of racial alienation and the significance of rhetoric within the formation of black identification within the usa. confronted with alienation and disenfranchisement as part of their day-by-day adventure, African americans built collective practices of empowerment that cohere as a constitutive rhetoric of black ideology. Exploring the origins of that rhetoric, Gordon finds how the ideology of black nationalism services in modern African American political discourse.

Rooting his examine within the phrases and works of nineteenth-century black abolitionists similar to Maria Stewart, David Walker, and Henry Garnet, Gordon explores the rapprochement among rhetorical thought, race, alienation, and the position of public reminiscence in id formation. He argues that abolitionists used language of their speeches, pamphlets, letters, petitions, and broadsides that tested black identification in ways in which may foster liberation and empowerment. The arguments provided right here represent the one sustained therapy of nineteenth-century black activists from a rhetorical perspective. 

Gordon demonstrates the pivotal position of rhetoric in African American efforts to create a plausible public voice. knowing nineteenth-century black alienation—and its intersection with twentieth-century racism—is the most important to realizing the ongoing experience of alienation that African american citizens exhibit approximately their American event. Gordon explains how the ideology of black nationalism disciplines and describes African American existence for its personal ends, exposing a crucial piece of the ideological fight for the soul of the United States. The ebook is either a platform for additional dialogue and a call for participation for extra voices to affix the discourse as we look for how you can understand the feel of alienation skilled and expressed through African american citizens in modern society.

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She sees it as susceptible to being identified as irrelevant and inappropriate for its lack of attention to the important symbolic and social dimensions of sexism and racism. Three other studies addressing race and rhetoric are important to McPhail’s study: Teun A. van Dijk’s Communicating Racism, Robert Entman’s “Modern Racism,” and Margaret Anderson and Collins’s anthology Race, Class and Gender. The study by van Dijk of white racism as it is passed on among whites points McPhail to the importance of exploring the social and symbolic elements of racism by examining not just intragroup communication but intergroup communication as well; the rhetorics of both “oppressor” and “oppressed” and the epistemological ground on which they stand.

In their view, history should not be presented upside down. To correct this erroneous view of life, Marx and Engels argue for an examination of the material basis of ideology, an investigation of the impact of the order of production in any given epoch upon the sense of social and political consciousness. Following Marx and Engels, I see ideology as rooted in the perceived consciousness of humans, a consciousness that emerges from their experience of material conditions. As Bakhtin contends, “consciousness takes shape in the material and being of signs created by an organized group in the process of its social intercourse”; as such, as McGee convincingly demonstrates, rhetoric is a material experience of life in society (Bizzell and Herzberg 1213; “A Materialist’s Conception”).

All available data indicate that blacks have always been overrepresented both as victims and offenders in crimes, and the arrest and conviction rates for blacks are much higher than those of whites. Compared with the total population, blacks are “twice as likely to be victims of robbery, vehicle theft, and aggravated assault, and 6 to 7 times as likely to be victims of homicide,” which has only recently been bested by AIDS-related illnesses as the leading cause of death among young black males (Jaynes and Williams 498; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention).

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