Internal Medicine

Download Biodefence: Advanced Materials and Methods for Health by Sergey Mikhalovsky, Abdukhakim Khajibaev PDF

By Sergey Mikhalovsky, Abdukhakim Khajibaev

This booklet specializes in defence opposed to organic battle with an emphasis on functions of contemporary applied sciences and complicated fabrics in detection, overall healthiness security and scientific therapy of the inhabitants. particular issues comprise high-throughput delicate detection tools, complex nanostructured fabrics and methods for exterior and inner defense of human future health, in addition to extracorporeal tools, adsorptive fabrics and bacteriophages decontaminating the human organism, and neutralising included CBRN brokers. The contributions describe contemporary advancements within the box of biodefence geared toward maintaining inhabitants opposed to terrorism and terror comparable occasions. Broader ways to lowering the impression of environmental toxins on human well-being and enhancing potency of scientific remedy of sufferers with viral infections, poisoning and organ failure also are mentioned.

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Additional resources for Biodefence: Advanced Materials and Methods for Health Protection (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series - A: Chemistry and Biology)

Sample text

The success of nanotechnologies will depend on continuing research in the area of toxicology of carbon nanotubes and the materials based on them. T. Kartel et al. In the study conducted by Hurt et al. [43], toxicology of nanoparticles (nanotoxicology) with a special emphasis on CNT was considered. The necessity of carrying out toxicology research as well as the lack of such work in this area was ­highlighted. It was considered that the future development of nanotoxicology is associated with the following: • Materials should be characterized and described in as many details as possible, because the nanotube toxicity can depend on by-products of their synthesis as well as on their design.

Oberdörster E (2004) Manufactured nanomaterials (fullerenes, C60) induce oxidative stress in the brain of juvenile largemouth bass. Environ Health Perspect 112:1058–1062 18. Sayes CM, Fortner JD, Guo W et al (2004) The differential cytotoxicity of water-soluble fullerenes. Nano Lett 4:1881–1887 19. Sayes CM, Gobin AM, Ausman KD et al (2005) Nano-C60 cytotoxicity is due to lipid peroxidation. Biomaterials 26:7587–7595 20. Andrievsky GV, Klochkov VK, Bordyuh AB, Dovbeshko GI (2002) Comparative analysis of two aqueous-colloidal solutions of C- 60 fullerene with help of FTIR reflectance and UV-Vis spectroscopy.

According to MS data, volatile products of thermal degradation contain HCl. The mass spectra exhibit two diffuse peaks in the ranges of the highest weight loss rate. Taking this data into account, we subjected the chemically dehydrochlorinated polymer to thermal treatment firstly at 200°C for 2 h to enrich the product with carbon via thermal dehydrochlorination and then at 350°C for 30 min to allow the formation of carbon-like structures. Raman microspectroscopy [3] allows the observation of the transformation of a polyene structure to a carbon one.

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