Semantics

Download Bantu Historical Linguistics by Jean-Marie Hombert, Larry M. Hyman PDF

By Jean-Marie Hombert, Larry M. Hyman

This assortment brings jointly many of the world's prime Bantuists, in addition to the most promising more youthful students attracted to the historical past, comparability, and outline of Bantu languages. The Bantu languages, numbering as many as 500, were on the heart of state-of-the-art theoretical examine in phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics. along with the problems of class and inner sub-grouping, this quantity treats historic and comparative facets of a few of the major typological positive aspects for which this language team is understood: vowel top concord, noun periods, difficult tense-aspect platforms, and so forth. the result's a compilation that offers the main up to date figuring out of those and different matters that may be of curiosity not just to Bantuists and historic linguists, but additionally to these attracted to the phonological, morphological and semantic matters bobbing up inside those hugely agglutinative Bantu languages.

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3. Larger groupings: a tentative set This section treats mainly the larger groups, as evidence from small groups with one or two members is suspect. Evidence for some processes above often comes from just a few lexemes which in a small group might all be loans. The distribution of Dahl's Law suggests that the following groups shared a single ancestor, or at least that their ancestral communities were adjacent, in East Africa: WT, CK, GL, KT, NEC, and probably STH. g. 42) and elsewhere has to be considered more fully when a detailed historical classification of languages outside East Africa is carried out.

1981. Greater Luyia, in Hinnebusch, T. , D. Nurse, M. Mould (eds), 181-236. Ngonyani, Deogratias. forthcoming. The evolution of Tanzanian Ngoni, SUGIA 14. Nurse, Derek. 1979. Classification of the Chaga Dialects. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag. Nurse, Derek. 1981. Chaga-Taita, in Hinnebusch. ), 127-180. Nurse, Derek. 1985. Review of Moser 1983. JALL 7: 207-211. Nurse, Derek. 1986. Reconstruction of Dahalo history through evidence from loanwords, SUGIA 7,2: 267-305. Nurse, Derek. 1987. Towards a typology of diachronic linguistic change in Bantu languages.

In Nurse & Philippson (1980) Langi's closest lexicostatistical connection is to WT, but only by a small margin over Pare. Since Langi's lexical similarity to WT might be explained by lengthy proximity, that places more weight on the phonological similarity to Pare. Keeping in mind the axiom that where lexical and phonological indices are at odds, lexical similarity is more likely to indicate recent events (contact), while phonological similarity more likely points to an older underlying connection, we might tentatively posit a connection between Langi/ Mbugwe and Pare/Taveta or Chaga, but this needs more thought as they do not share the major features such as Bantu Spirantization in general, or DahPs Law.

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