Semantics

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By Carol Tenny

All paintings is figure in development. the information built during this paintings might be (and most likely can be) constructed extra, revised, and extended. however it used to be time to write down them down and ship them out. a few of these principles approximately linking had their origins in my 1987 dissertation. although, this paintings has grown past the dissertation in a couple of vital methods. an important of those advances lie in, first, articulating aspectual roles as linguistic gadgets over which lexical semantic phenomena might be acknowledged, and over which linking generalizations are said; moment, spotting that syntactic phenomena might be categorized to whether or no longer they're delicate to the middle occasion of occasion constitution; and 3rd, spotting the modularity of aspectual and thematic/conceptual constitution, and associating that modularity with a distinction among language-specific and common language generalizations. the 3 chapters of the ebook are prepared round those principles. i've got attempted to country those principles as robust theses. the place they make robust predictions i've got intended them to take action, as a explore for destiny study. i am hoping that different researchers will absorb the problem to enquire, try out and boost those rules throughout a much broader realm of languages than I --as one individual --can do.

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LQ (three-dimensional or other) space within a table is occupied by a table, whereas every three-dimensional area within a homogenous lump of gold is occupied by a lump of gold. For a form of words to encapsulate the 26 CAROL TENNY difference, we may say that a homogenous stuff fills, whereas a substance delimits, the space it occupies. Now, takingfalls and stabs as paradigms respectively ofE- (energeia) and K- (kinesis) verbs, the views of the last section can be summed up as the thesis that falling fills time as a homogenous stuff fills space, whereas stabbing delimits time as a substance delimits space ....

The measuring-out option for direct arguments has other consequences for the interpretation of these constructions. Only when the material is the direct argument, is there a possible reading in which it must be completely consumed in the event (though for many speakers this is not the only reading). To see this we must examine sentences in which we have abstracted away from the effects of mass versus count nouns, and in which the effects of pragmatic or world knowledge are neutralized. For the first, all the internal argument noun phrases below are used with the same definite determiner (the).

These have sometimes been called expletive body parts: (72) I cried my eyes blind/out. Simpson (1983) p. 146 (22) John walked his feet off. Maria worked her hands to the bone. The same class of verbs allows what Simpson calls fake reflexives: (73) I laughed myself sick. I danced myself tired. LINKING 43 I cried myself to sleep. I shouted/screamed/yelled/bellowed myself hoarse. In this way, this class of verbs that do not have an obligatory measuring argument allow a measuring argument to be added, using the resultative construction.

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