By Neta C. Crawford
Arguments have results in international politics which are as actual because the army forces of states or the stability of energy between them. Neta Crawford unearths how moral arguments, now not strength politics or economics, clarify decolonization, the best swap in global politics to take place over the past years. The publication additionally analyzes how argument will be used to to remake modern global politics, suggesting how such arguments follow to the difficulty of humanitarian intervention.
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Additional info for Argument and Change in World Politics: Ethics, Decolonization, and Humanitarian Intervention (Cambridge Studies in International Relations)
For example, military doctrines include a mix of strategic, operational, and tactical beliefs about the most efficient and effective ways to deter and fight wars. Those beliefs affect decisions about the acquisition of equipment, the structure and content of training, and the conduct of military campaigns. But those beliefs are also used in arguments by those within and outside militaries to legitimize or delegitimize other arguments about which weapons to acquire in what number, how forces ought to be trained, and how wars ought to be fought.
In complex situations that demand complex arguments, more than one, in some cases all these types of arguments may be deployed. Although the bulk of the empirical part of this book concerns the role of ethical argument the other types are also common in world politics. Practical or instrumental arguments involve beliefs about cause and effect relations among individuals; they are about how to do things in the social world. 46 Practical arguments work by giving good accounts of the social world, and thus they rely on hearers being convinced by the practical beliefs that support those arguments.
53 Further, as Aristotle noted, arguments are nested: more difficult social and political issues will often be tied to other complex and contested arguments and belief systems, linked to chains of prior argument. Consider the following syllogism about achieving peace. The first premise articulates the goal of actors, the second premise makes a claim about a causal relationship, and the conclusion states a “logical” action that 51 Francine Rosselli, John J. Skelly, and Diane M. Mackie, “Processing Rational and Emotional Messages: The Cognitive and Affective Mediation of Persuasion,” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 31 (March 1995), 163–190: 167.