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Additional info for AP U. S. Government & Politics, 2008-2009

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A. S. presidency so newly defined, that the founding fathers could not anticipate the extent to which future presidents would use their power to shape public opinion. The Constitution provides for the presidential role as a check on bills enacted into law through the power of the vote (B) and as administrator, or executor, of bills passed by Congress (E). Article II grants the president the command of the armed forces (D). As both the chief executive and the ceremonial head of the United States, the president is head of state (C).

A private organization that attempts to get government officials to respond to its philosophy and way of thinking on particular issues is called a(an) (A) pressure group (B) political pressure group (C) interest group (D) political power group (E) lobbyist 26. The political belief that the president is the steward of the people and should continually act in the best interests of the people is known as the stewardship theory. Which president first promoted this theory? (A) Theodore Roosevelt (B) Thomas Jefferson (C) George Washington (D) Franklin Roosevelt (E) Woodrow Wilson 27.

B. According to the Constitution, if the electoral college fails to choose a president, the House of Representatives is charged with choosing the president. 42. E. Approving appointments and treaties are executive powers of the Senate because they are used in conjunction with a power of the president. Reviewing presidential vetoes (A) and proposing constitutional amendments (D) are two of the Senate’s legislative powers. Trying impeachment cases (B) is a nonlegislative power of the Senate. The Senate does not check the power of the House of Representatives (C).

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