Egypt

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By Abdullah Al-Arian

While innovative hero Gamal Abdel Nasser dismantled and suppressed Egypt's greatest social move association throughout the Nineteen Fifties, few can have imagined that the Muslim Brotherhood wouldn't simply reemerge, yet might sooner or later compete for the presidency within the nation's first ever democratic election. whereas there isn't any scarcity of analyses of the Muslim Brotherhood's contemporary political successes and screw ups, no examine has investigated the organization's successful go back from the dustbin of heritage.

Answering the decision examines the potential through which the Muslim Brotherhood was once reconstituted in the course of Anwar al-Sadat's presidency. via research of structural, ideological, and social advancements in this interval within the background of the Islamic circulate, a extra exact photograph of the so-called "Islamic resurgence" develops-one that represents the rebirth of an outdated proposal in a brand new setting.

The Muslim Brotherhood's good fortune in rebuilding its association rested largely on its skill to draw a brand new new release of Islamic activists that had come to remodel Egypt's schools and universities right into a hub for spiritual rivalry opposed to the nation. Led via teams reminiscent of al-Gama'ah al-Islamiyyah (The Islamic Society), the scholar circulate exhibited a dynamic and colourful tradition of activism that chanced on proposal in a mess of highbrow and organizational resources, of which the Muslim Brotherhood was once in simple terms one.

By the shut of the Nineteen Seventies, although, inner divisions over ideology and method ended in the increase of factionalism in the scholar stream. A majority of pupil leaders opted to extend the scope in their activist undertaking by way of becoming a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, rejuvenating the suffering association, and launching a brand new part in its history.

Answering the decision is an unique research of the historical past of this dynamic and colourful interval of contemporary Egyptian heritage, giving readers a clean figuring out of 1 of Egypt's so much pivotal eras.

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Additional info for Answering the Call: Popular Islamic Activism in Sadat’s Egypt

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It would not be until several years later that the student movement would witness the rise of an Islamically oriented trend within the student movement, symbolized in the organization Shabab al-Islam (The Youth of Islam). What all of the discussions in this chapter aim to do is provide the historical context for the Sadat era in modern Egyptian political history, drawing attention to some of its most salient features. By elucidating the motivations and actions of the newly politicized population in the late 1960s, the stage is then set to explore the rise of a reenergized Islamic movement that came to define Egyptian oppositional politics throughout the decade that followed.

Instead, the bulk of the research focused on the other major development on the Islamic activist scene during this period: the rise of underground militant groups. Whereas Mitchell put forth the idea that the Muslim Brotherhood had sought to bridge the supposed gap between Islam and modernity, another view emerged arguing that not only did this endeavor fail, but subsequent leaders of the movement, most notably the commentator Sayyid Qutb, had rejected such a project as contrary to the core values of their faith.

17 By infusing the preexisting theory with a discussion of culture and its central role, the literature on framing provides the logical bridge between political opportunities and mobilizing structures. It is also an essential tool for defining the role of religion within a social movement in a field that has not traditionally shown religious movements the same treatment as their secular counterparts. In SMT, the use of cultural symbols, historical narratives, and shared experiences is understood as intended to appeal to individuals outside the movement, motivating them to join its mission.

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