By Albert Leonard
The 1st quantity of the Naukratis ebook experiences on ecofactual in addition to artefactual facts. New mild is shed in this vital hub on the fringe of the Nile delta, which has been the article of over 100 years of archaeological examine. This learn discusses the historical past of excavations at Naukratis, the excavations performed via Albert Leonard and the ceramics, plant is still, burials, faunal continues to be and different facts recovered.
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Extra info for Ancient Naukratis: Excavations at a Greek Emporium in Egypt, Part 1: Excavations at Kom Ge'if
57 Adding to the confusion over the nature of the architectural remains was the problem of chronology. Was this structure built during the reign of Psammetichus I, that of Amasis, or as late as the Ptolemaic period? The initial goal of the excavations in the South Mound, therefore, was an attempt to solve this century-old question by establishing a stratigraphybased, ceramic pro˜le of the history of the site. 1997 A History of the Excavations at Naukratis/Kom Ge’if 23 As the memory of the cemetery on the South Mound had faded from the minds of the local villagers, the western ˘anks of the mound had been encroached upon continually by the modern dirt road from Kom Ge’if to Abu Meshfa, cutting deeply into the archaeological soils that lay stratigraphically beneath the level of the cemetery.
9. Photomosaic of present-day Naukratis and its envirions with the lake formed in the depression of the earlier excavations. Kom Ge’if and the South Mound are visible at the bottom of the photograph (composite balloon photos by G. W. Johnson in Coulson and Leonard 1981a: pl. 4). 22 Albert Leonard, Jr. AASOR 54 Fig. 10. Composite drawing indicating the approximate relation of the modern topography to the structures found by the earlier excavators (G. W. Johnson in Coulson, Leonard and Wilke 1982: ˜g.
Therefore when ground water was reached in Field I towards the end of the 1980 season we transferred personnel to begin a small probe in Field II. 0 m) sounding, the band of white material was reached at a depth of less than 30 cm, before any sealed deposits had been reached (Leonard in Coulson and Leonard 1981a: 20). Unfortunately, this white material turned out to consist of burnt organic matter (ash) rather than the mineral by-product recorded by Petrie, and ground water was reached c. 20 cm below the ash level without the probe ever having encountered a sealed deposit.