Download Ancient Egyptian Chronology (Handbook of Oriental Studies by Erik Hornung, Rolf Krauss, David A Warburton PDF

By Erik Hornung, Rolf Krauss, David A Warburton

This quantity offers with the chronology of historical Egypt from the fourth millennium until eventually the Hellenistic interval. An preliminary part experiences the principles of Egyptian chronology, either historic and sleek, from annals and kinglists to C14 analyses of archaeological info. experts speak about resources, collect lists of recognized dates, and research biographical info within the part dedicated to relative chronology. The editors are answerable for the ultimate part which makes an attempt a synthesis of the whole diversity of obtainable information to reach at substitute absolute chronologies. the potential readership contains experts in close to japanese and Aegean reports in addition to Egyptologists.

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19 to Imhotep of Dyn. 5 It seems to have been put together from various lists of high priests (probably unrelated) and other ancillary material. It can only be used when independent information is available from other sources. Another problem with genealogy is the lack of proper genealogical terms in the Egyptian language. 6 To avoid such long circumlocutions, jt / mwt could be used for “father- / mother-in-law”, while sn might also mean “brother-in-law”, “nephew” or even” uncle”, or might conceivably be no relation at all but a good friend and contemporary.

In Dyn. 18 a new system was adopted which continued until at least ca. 11 Year 1 began on the actual day of accession and the following years were counted, accordingly, from the anniversary in the civil year, so that the civil year now always spanned parts of two regnal years. From Dyn. 12 During the entire pharaonic period the concept of an “era” was employed only once. 15 During the 6 For the reading rnpt zp, see E. Edel, JNES 8 (1949), 35–39; Gardiner read ˙#t zp, see his Grammar, Excursus C.

15 The lost kings are accounted for by the word wsf (“lacuna”) in both the total for Dyns. 6–8 and that covering all of Dyns. 1–8. The total of Dyn. 11 is recorded in full years only, obviously because the kings reigns were so recorded. Since the fractions of individual reigns are omitted, the total is inevitably approximate, with the margin of error amounting to few years. The error might be more significant if “Mentuhotep I”, who never actually reigned as king, was assigned a fictitious reign-length.

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