Download American Foreign Policy: Carter to Clinton by John Dumbrell PDF

By John Dumbrell

This e-book examines the historical past folks international coverage because the Vietnam struggle. It specializes in 4 topics: the legacy of Vietnam; the finishing and aftermath of the chilly struggle; the talk over American overseas decline; and the usually undemocratic behavior people overseas coverage. The e-book considers substitute motives for the chilly War's finish. It evaluates the international coverage management of Presidents Carter, Reagan, Bush and Clinton and assesses customers for US international coverage after the chilly struggle.

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Extra info for American Foreign Policy: Carter to Clinton

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Defence Secretary Harold Brown advised Brzezinski in March 1978: ... " However, the alacrity with which the USSR fitted its longrange missiles with multiple, independently targeted warheads (MIRVs) did alarm Washington. The deployment of SS-20 missiles in 1977 also raised the possibility of disabling strikes against NATO targets in Europe . Against this background, Carter decided to disown the 1974 framework agreement made at Vladivostok by Kissinger and Soviet leader Brezhnev. 42 Vance 's 'deep cuts' proposal, which he and Paul Warnke presented to Brezhnev in March 1977, were designed both to restore concessions made at Vladivostok, and to redeem Carter's promise (made in his Inaugural Address) to lead the world to a non-nuclear future .

Israel was assured that oil supplies would be guaranteed by the US. " As White House adviser Hedley Donovan noted in January 1980, there was little prospect of keeping even 'moderate Middle East regimes' behind the treaty: If we are unwilling or unable to budge Israel ... it calls into question (with many Americans, as well as the Saudis) our capacity to conduct an independent foreign policy based on national interest. 77 In the end, the Carter Administration was forced to accept a peace treaty rather than a comprehensive settlement.

22 Washington's major initiative involved a rather muddled attempt to mediate between the variou s Nicaraguan factions through the main regional organisation, the Organisation of American States. The more independent-minded OAS leaders (notably Costa Rican President Rodrigo Carazo and Venezuelan leader Carlos Andres Perez) distrusted US aims in Nicaragua, and were engaged in shipping arms to the Sandinistas. The preferred US policy appeared to be 'Somocismo without Somoza': a transfer of power from the dictator to the National Guard.

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