By Miroslav Verner
At the heart of the world-famous pyramid box of the Memphite necropolis there lies a gaggle of pyramids, temples, and tombs named after the close by village of Abusir. lengthy overshadowed by way of the extra commonly used pyramids at Giza and Saqqara, this sector has still been the location, for the final 40 years, of an intensive operation to find its past.
This fascinating new book—richly endowed with black-and-white old pictures, colour plates of latest paintings, and informative illustrations—at final records the uncovering by way of a devoted staff of Czech archaeologists of a hitherto ignored wealth of historical is still courting from the outdated country to the past due interval. this is often Abusir, realm of Osiris, God of the lifeless, and its tale is certainly one of either sleek archaeology and the long-buried mysteries that it seeks to discover.
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Extra info for Abusir. Realm of Osiris
The complex, already severely damaged in preceding centuries, met with misfortune of a peculiar kind in the modern period. At the end of the 1940s and beginning of the 1950s two archaeological expeditions carried out excavations there. The results of the work were not, however, made public and a part of the documentation was lost, so this complex remains one of the least-understood of all royal funerary monuments of the Old Kingdom. The ruins of Unas’s valley temple at Saqqara (photo: Milan Zemina).
Its fame only dwindled conclusively in the first centuries CE when the half-crumbled and deserted temples and palaces of Memphis were transformed into a large quarry from which building material could be obtained cheaply. After the occupation of Egypt by the army of Amr Ibn al-Aas in 641, the fortress of Fustat was built from the ruins of Memphis on the site of the fallen Byzantine stronghold Babylon, a place that was later to be the site of a new capital city: Cairo. View of Kom al-Fakhry. The older part of the complex of the Temple of Ptah is believed to lie under this hill.
While excavating Sahure’s mortuary temple, Borchardt found evidence of changes in the relief decoration of the mortuary temple. The figure of one of the courtiers following Sahure had been altered: not only had the symbols of royal regalia been added to his forehead, but an inscription identified the figure as that of King Neferirkare. We do not know to whom the reworked figure originally belonged. The theory that Neferirkare was Sahure’s brother is based—besides other reasoning—on the assumption that the figure originally belonged to Neferirkare and that this change concerned only the upgrading of his status.