By Margarita Diaz-Andreu
Margarita Diaz-Andreu deals an cutting edge heritage of archaeology throughout the 19th century, encompassing all its fields from the origins of humanity to the medieval interval, and all parts of the area. the advance of archaeology is positioned in the framework of latest political occasions, with a selected concentration upon the ideologies of nationalism and imperialism. Diaz-Andreu examines a variety of concerns, together with the construction of associations, the conversion of the learn of antiquities right into a occupation, public reminiscence, alterations in archaeological proposal and perform, and the impact on archaeology of racism, faith, the idea in development, hegemony, and resistance.
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Extra resources for A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past
There, a very active learned society promoted the precocious organization of a museum and legislation protecting antiquities. Most attention was focused on the ninth-century Hindu temple of Prambanan and later on also on the contemporary Buddhist temple of Borobudur, both in Java. The same pattern of attention, Wrst to Hindu and then to Buddhist antiquities, can be observed in India. There, the discovery of the link between Sanskrit and many European languages led to a greater emphasis on philological studies.
Yet, the impact that Columbus’ ‘discovery’ of America had for Europe was far more important from an economic, political, and cultural point of view. It meant the Europeans’ encounter of a completely new world unknown to them which they were ready to exploit. 1492 was not only the year Columbus, funded by Isabella, the queen of the Spanish kingdom of Castille, reached America. It was also the year Castille ended the war against the Islamic kingdom of Granada, when King Boabdil (Abu Abd Allah Muhammad) capitulated and left the palace of La Alhambra and crossed south over the Gibraltar strait.
The Dutch had been the earliest power to set up a colony in the region, but, in contrast to events in Latin America, the long decline of the preceding native empires meant that the European bureaucrats could not make use of local administrative infrastructure in order to control the territory. The British had established themselves in India as traders, and were subsequently asked to come in as revenue managers. Both the Dutch and the British formed learned societies in the late eighteenth century, which sought to study a very wide range of questions.