By Mary Boyce
This quantity is a part of a three-volume paintings tracing the historical past of Zoroastrianism. within the set, literary, archaeological and numismatic facts is drawn on and native advancements are explored. examine is made from the Zoroastrian contributions to Hellenistic concept and to Judaism, Christianity and Mithraism. An excursus presents a reassessment of the Zoroastrian pseudepigrapha.
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Then answered Ahura Mazda: "When corn is abundantly sown, 0 Spitama Zarathustra. He who sows corn, sows righteousness (a§a-)". 52 For references see A. ranier (Handbuch d. Klass. Altertums-Wissenschaft III, Abt. 1), Munich 1933, 209 n. 3· Against the supposition that the name Assara Mazas, occurring on tablets of the Assyrian Assurbanipal, represents • Asura Mazda see A. Ungnad, "Ahura-Mazdah und Mithra in assyrischen Texten", OLZ XLVI, 1943, 193-201. Recently, however, M. Mayrhofer has argued anew in favour of the identification, see his "Neuere Forschungen zum Altpersischen", Donum Indogermanicum, Festgabe f.
Gershevitch (in preparation). GENERAL corded bringing back from their expeditions on to the Iranian plateau were long-horned cattle, as well as great numbers of horses67-partly no doubt seized from the herds of the invaders. C. remains entirely obscure. His hymns suggest that Zoroaster belonged to a settled community, and perhaps his tribe had already occupied a part of Khwarezmia before he was born. If so, it may have been tradition (and probably the conventions of religious poetry were highly conservative) which kept his imagery still strictly pastoral.
A's whereby he binds the sinner with fetters, and removes sin as if untying a rope. a acquired his secondary trait as god of the Waters, and how, as god of the oath, he was with Mitra the natural guardian of rta in the sense of "truth". B5 He further pointed out 8 6 that this accords admirably with the fact that in both India and Iran oaths and compacts are sworn by Mithra and by fire. The two gods of verbal undertakings were thus each, it seems, associated with one of the two elements which were the main objects of the Indo-Iranian cult.