By Harriet Jones, Paul Addison
A better half to modern Britain covers the most important subject matters and debates of 20th-century background from the outbreak of the second one global struggle to the top of the century.
- Assesses the influence of the second one international warfare
- Looks at Britain’s function within the wider global, together with the legacy of Empire, Britain’s ‘special dating’ with the U.S., and integration with continental Europe
- Explores cultural concerns, reminiscent of category attention, immigration and race kin, altering gender roles, and the impression of the mass media
- Covers family politics and the financial system
- Introduces the various views dominating ancient writing in this interval
- Identifies the foremost concerns that are prone to gasoline destiny debate
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Additional resources for A Companion to Contemporary Britain: 1939-2000
Bullock, Bevin, vol. 1, pp. , p. 16. Zweiniger-Bargielowska, Austerity in Britain, pp. 32–3. Bridgen and Lowe, Welfare Policy under the Conservatives, pp. 190–1. Zweiniger-Bargielowska, Austerity in Britain, pp. 43–4. Milward, The Economic Effects of the World Wars on Britain, p. 26. Daunton, Just Taxes, pp. 236, 243. Atkinson, ‘Distribution of Income and Wealth’, p. 356. McKibbin, Classes and Cultures, pp. 118–19. Cole, The Post-War Condition of England, p. 44. McKibbin, Classes and Cultures, p.
In 1939 Labour had opposed the introduction of conscription in peacetime; in 1947 peacetime conscription was re-established. Britain’s role in the post-war world was defined by Winston Churchill when he spoke, in October 1948, of the ‘three great circles among the free nations and democracies’. The first circle was the British Commonwealth and empire, the second ‘the English-speaking world’ including the United States, and the third ‘United Europe’. 52 Between 1945 and 1961 it was the ambition of both Labour and Conservative governments, and the Foreign Office, to maintain British membership of these three exclusive clubs.
Britain did not have the economic or science base to sustain an effective rocket programme. Blue Streak, the land-based ballistic missile that was meant to be Britain’s ticket to nuclear independence, had to be abandoned in 1960 because it was badly designed and too expensive to remedy. The hopes of Macmillan’s advisers rested for a time with the US Skybolt missile, but this was cancelled by the Americans in 1962. Because Britain could not afford to develop a new missile delivery system of its own, Macmillan travelled to Nassau in the Bahamas in December 1962 to meet the president.