Download A Brief History of Egypt (Brief History) by Arthur Goldschmidt Jr. PDF

By Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.

Historical Egypt was once one of many longest-lasting civilizations the realm has ever identified. This booklet explores Egypt's large political, fiscal, social, and cultural advancements, from the effective civilization of the prior to the various cultural and political panorama, overlaying virtually 6,000 years of historical past.

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And later formed the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah in Palestine. E. E. E. and trading partners with predynastic and Old Kingdom Egypt 23 A BRIEF HISTORY OF EGYPT influx of growing numbers of migratory tribes from southwest Asia and Nubia. Egypt bought or took as tribute gold, ivory, ebony, incense, and slaves from the Nubians. The Middle Kingdom began sending expeditionary forces up the Nile and even built a series of fortresses in Nubia, but ruled over that land only occasionally. E) The Second Intermediate Period (Fourteenth–Seventeenth Dynasties) is marked by the rule of a migratory tribe, the Hyksos.

As a consequence Egypt developed parallel Orthodox and Coptic hierarchies and churches during the fifth and sixth centuries, posing a severe financial burden on the people and alienating them from their Roman rulers. Perhaps as a sign of passive resistance to foreign control, one of Egypt’s main contributions to Christianity was monasticism. Starting with St. Antony (252–356), devout Christians became hermits or founded monasteries in the Egyptian desert, living a communal life devoted mainly to study and prayer remote from the centers of wealth and power.

Art Resource, NY) higher taxes on the Egyptians. The country became his personal property, a land exploited on behalf of a ruler living elsewhere, one that no Roman senator might enter without his consent. Alexandria continued to prosper as a provincial capital and as a center of trade, manufacturing, and culture, but it no longer enjoyed the privileges it had known under the Ptolemies. The main basis of Egypt’s wealth was its agriculture, and one-third of Egypt’s annual grain harvest fed the empire.

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